JODY'S GOT YOUR GIRL AND GONE - WHY MILITARY CADENCES ARE KNOWN AS JODIES

Mar
23

US Army Cadence Aint No Use In Looking Down

Uploaded by UnMotivated on Jul 6, 2008
Marching Cadences Of The U.S. Army Infantry

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This post provides information about the history of military cadences and how those chants came to be called "Jodies". This post also provides examples of songs, rhymes, and chants that the same tune and/or similar texts as certain military cadences.

WHY MILITARY CADENCES ARE KNOWN AS "JODIES"

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_cadence [Hereafter given as Wiki/Military Cadences]
"In the armed services, a military cadence or cadence call is a traditional call-and-response work song sung by military personnel while running or marching. In the United States, these cadences are sometimes called jody calls or jodies, after Jody, a recurring character who figures in some traditional cadences."

From http://www.nodepression.com/profiles/blogs/who-is-jody the character

"Jodie’s roots [are] in military and prison culture that evolved after 1939...

The songs get the name jody call or jody (also, jodie) from a recurring character, a civilian named "Jody" whose luxurious lifestyle is contrasted with military deprivations in a number of traditional calls. Jody is the person who stays at home, drives the soldier's car, and gets the soldier's sweetheart while the soldier is in recruit training or in country...Obscene, scatological, and offensively violent jody calls exist; their official use in formal training is now discouraged by the U.S. military, with an emphasis on "clean" versions of traditional jodies. The flexibility of jodies is nearly unlimited, and old jodies have always been retired or rewritten as times and wars change. Jody calls are a subset of work songs, and share in their rhythmic properties. Most jody calls have a call and response structure; one soldier initiates a line, and the remaining soldiers complete it...

So [radio station WFMU] pegs the origins of Jody to that first Blues tune [collected in 1939 in North Carolina by field collectors working with Alan Lomax] , but more probably, it is much older, like other legendary characters in the African American Oral tradition, Jody is a close cousin to Stagger Lee, The Signifying Monkey, Toledo Slim, Pisspot Pete, and many others. Characters who delivered parables, boasts, and toasts in language that was designed to be impenetrable to white ears and spoken in something other than white man's English. Because Black folks were highly discouraged from reading, the ability to tell a good story and a facility with the language was paramount. In my mind the tradition is carried on today by the best practitioners of hip hop."

-snip-

The author of the above mentioned nodepression post reminded his readers to be aware that the language in a number of songs about Jody is very “salty” (contains profanity and sexually explicit references).

"JODY" IN VARIOUS CHANTS, SONGS, AND RHYMES
Versions of the military chant "Sound Off" may include verses that mention "Jody". Here's an example from Wiki/Military Cadences:

You had a good home but you left / You're right
You had a good home but you left / You're right
Jody was there when you left / You're right
Your baby was there when you left / You're right
Sound off! / 1,2
Sound off! / 3,4
Cadence count! / 1,2,3,4,1,2...3,4!

Your baby was lonely, as lonely could be /
Til Jody provided the company
Ain't it great to have a pal /
Who works so hard just to keep up morale
Sound off! / 1,2
Sound off! / 3,4
Cadence count! / 1,2,3,4,1,2...3,4!

There ain't no use in going back /Jody's livin' it up in the shack / Jody's got somethin' you ain't got /
It's been so long I almost forgot / Sound off! /
1,2 / Sound off! / 3,4/ Cadence count!/ 1,2,3,4,1,2...3,4!

-snip-

The military cadence "Aint No Use In Looking Down" is a clean example of a military cadence which includes a reference to Jody. There are very clear similarities between that cadence and the 1972 R&B song "Jody's Got Your Girl And Gone, but I'm not sure which composition came first.

The video for this cadence is re-posted at the top of this page.

AIN'T NO USE IN LOOKIN DOWN
Chorus:
Leader-Woh oh oh oh
Others-(repeat above)
Leader-Woh oh ohohohoh
Others-(repeat above)
Leader-Wohoh oh oh
Others-(repeat above)
Leader-Woh oh ohohohoh

Leader Ain’t no use in lookin down
Others-(repeat above)
Leader-Ain’t no discharge on the ground
Others-(repeat above)

(Repeat entire verse 1x)
(Repeat chorus 2x)

Leader-Ain’t no use in lookin back
Others-(repeat above)
Leader-Jodie’s got your cadillac
Others-(repeat above)

(Repeat entire verse 1x)
(Repeat chorus 2x)

Leader-I used to date a beauty queen
Others-Now I love my M16
Leader-I used to date a beauty queen
Others-Now I love my M16

(Repeat entire verse 1x)
(Repeat chorus 2x)

Leader- I used to drive a chevolet
Others-Now I’m humpin all the way
Leader- I used to drive a chevolet
Others-Now I’m humpin all the way

(Repeat entire verse 1x)

Leader- Woh ohohoh
Others-(repeat above)
Lead-Woh ohohohohoh
Others- (repeat above)
Leader- Woh ohohoh
Others-(repeat above)
Lead-Woh ohohohohoh
Others- (repeat above)

Leader-Misery misery
Others-(repeat above)
Leader-Army life is killin me.
Others-(repeat above)

Leader-Misery oh misery
Others-(repeat above)
Leader-Army life is killin me.
Others-(repeat above)
-UnMotivated; July 06, 2008 (transcribed by Azizi Powell)

-snip-

The 1972 R&B song "Jody's Got Your Girl And Gone" is based on the character "Joe The Grinder".

Johnnie Taylor - Jody's Got Your Girl and Gone (1972)

Uploaded by seezurefall on Oct 22, 2010

-snip-

The chorus of that song is "Aint no sense in going home / Jody's got your girl and gone."

Click http://www.lyrics007.com/Johnnie%20Taylor%20Lyrics/Jody's%20Got%20Your%20Girl%20And%20Gone%20Lyrics.html for the complete lyrics to that song.

-snip-

The handclap rhyme "Mama Mama Can't You See" has the same tune as "Jody Got Your Girl And Gone". However, the military cadence with the same title from which that handclap rhyme probably originates has a slightly different tune.
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2012/02/mama-mama-cant-you-see-usmc-cade... for a post on "Mama Mama Can't You See".

It also can be noted that the Black Greek lettered fraternity chant "We Are The Men Of Q Psi Phi" has the same two line rhyming structure with the same "Whoa oh oh oh" refrain as "Jody's Got Your Girl And Gone" and "Ain't No Use Looking Down". Furthermore, "We Are The Men Of Q Psi Phi" has similar lines as those compositions, for instance "kiss my girl and made her cry/cause I was pledgin Q Psi Phi". However, that chant doesn't use that same tune. Click http://cocojams.com/content/fraternity-and-sorority-chants for text examples of that chant.

This post is edited by Azizi Powell.

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My thanks to Johnnie Taylor, and all other vocalists, musicians, and producers of the featured videos in this post. My thanks also to these videos' uploaders.

Thanks for visiting this page.

Viewer comments are welcome at cocojams17@yahoo.com or at http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2012/03/jodys-got-your-girl-and-gone-why... where this post was first published.

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